Ford Transit Custom plug-in hybrid van (PHEV) pilot program is set to get started in London and the auto manufacturer has promised us 5 fleets that are going to participate in it. The program is hoped to start later in fall this year. This is a huge leap forward as the company has invested 4.5 billion dollars into it. It is a joint venture of ford and Transport of London (TfL). Ford has also announced the launch of 13 brand new electric vehicles (EV) globally during the next five years. This fleet is likely to make its first appearance in year 2019. Do you look for more details? Why not to click MNRReconditioningto go to details?
Five fleets announced
The sole purpose of Ford TransitCustom plug-in hybrid van (PHEV) pilot program is to design such vehicles that are low on CO2 emissions and are environment friendly. Such plug-in hybrid vehicles will be a part of a bigger cause which is to have cleaner air to breathe in. Five fleets that are confirmed to be a part of this mission are: Transport for London, Metropolitan Police, Clancy Plant, Addison Lee, and British Gas. Transport of London will use three of these vans for delivering and shipping cargo. The Metropolitan Police will be handed one van which will be marked for second response to traffic accidents and another un-marked as a forensic support unit. These fleets will go through a 12-month long trial phase. 20 brand new vans are announced to be part of this trial phase.
How will the vans achieve their goal?
These vans are set to operate in urban areas where commercial operations are a real challenge. The hybrid vans are designed so as to reduce emissions by running exclusively on electric power for the majority of inner-city trips. The fleet’s performance is not limited to any specific battery range rather; they are equipped with petrol-engine range extenders that help them cover long distances conveniently. This feature is especially beneficial for businesses that require taking long journeys around the clock.
The ford telematics system installed in the vans. This is latest technology that will collect data regarding vehicles’ financial, operational and environmental performance. This data will later be analyzed to further improve the results achieved from EVs. Study of the collected data will help the company to enhance the capability of car and drop off unnecessary details in the next iteration.
Bringing together all the stakeholders
The auto maker has appointed Mark Harvey as the Director of Urban Electrified Van program. This position is specially created in ford UK keeping in view the importance of this project. This announcement is enough proof of how serious Ford is about this project. The company is working sincerely keeping all the contenders in loop. The job responsibility for this position include keeping in touch with Transport for London, the participating fleets, and the Ford development team and let them all work in coherence. And also, to bring the manufacturer, consumer and city close and develop an understanding about use of EV in a metropolitan city.
Engine liners and engine sleeves are necessary to give the best engine outputs
There is a confusion to understand the difference between the engine liners and the engine sleeves. The difference is too bit to understand. Normally it is said that the automotive guys call it engine sleeves whereas the diesel guys call it engine liners. Both of them are used for similar purpose. Normally, people understand that the engine sleeves are used in the repair of damaged cylinder bores in engine blocks. Also used in heavily modified four-cylinder engines for racing.
Liners in Cylinder Bores
The word “liners” is used in relation to cylinder bore repair in a diesel engine. It is still understood to be a product that is repaired and machined and put into the engine’s block as a way to repair the cylinder bore. Mostly, the cast iron automotive engines do not require sleeves because the iron is hard enough to resist piston rings. It is necessary because the need of the cylinder is to seal the piston rings. With the passage of time and with the usage of the engine, the engine components become worn and then there is need of engine liners or engine sleeves. Visit mnrreconditioning to get in more ins and outs.
When Engine Sleeve is Required?
There is only one reason when the engine sleeves are required. And that is when the cylinder is cracked or there is not enough material in the engine’s casting for the cylinders to bore. In this case, there is need for engine sleeves that will interference fit. As far as the diesel engines are concerned, the diesel blocks are too thick to machine. That’s why the only time, when a cylinder is cracked, the engine sleeve is required. The diesel engines are more expensive to repair, that’s why engine sleeves are done when it is required on at least more than one cylinder head.
If engine loses the power, making more smoke than usual or even feel exhausted on a push of throttle, this is the time to check your cylinder head for cracks
The gasket failure is a common problem in the engines and sometimes it is misdiagnosed as some other issues. There is also a chance of a broken gasket and it can damage the engine as a whole. Gaskets on the cylinder heads and engine blocks usually create a barrier between engine oil and coolants passing through the waterways in the cylinder heads and engine blocks. When it cracks or burnt or even fails to perform better under higher working states, it leads to more major problems by mixing water in the engine oil. Due to sudden temperature changes, the chances of thermal damages arise and sometimes lead to cracks in the engine components. Cylinder heads are the most vulnerable parts to these sudden damages. There are different ways to test cylinder heads against the cracks that engine reconditioning experts use. Let’s see how the cylinder head cracks can be found and tested through pressure testing.
Cylinder Heads Pressure Testing
Pressure testing of the cylinder heads is one of the hot immersion technology to identify coolant passage leaks. This method of testing can be used along with four other methods of testing the cylinder heads. But is the most reliable method of testing and usually, comes at the end of all testing processes as a final step to make sure that your cylinder head is now in good health or it still has issues.
How to pressure test cylinder heads?
This process is frequently used as an ultimate investigative technique that all of the cracks or pinholes had been identified and repaired. Definitely, it might not be thoroughly simple; there are two approaches to perform pressure testing out – moist or dry. Tactics are almost the same regardless of which procedure you select.
Dry air pressure testing
To begin with the testing process, the head being tested wishes to be utterly smooth. a precise block-off plate will be connected to the top to seal off the water passages, then pump pressurized air into the top by means of an air pipe inserted into a water port. Some sources will inform you to make use of about 60 psi, but the experience and experiments show that 20 to 25 psi is enough. Some heads have core plugs pressed into them and there is a big chance that these will blow out at 60 psi. It’s no longer best an inconvenience, it’s also a massive safety hazard.
Wet testing process
With the wet process, you’ll lean back the cylinder head into a water tank unless it’s completely water-logged. In case you have cracks, the fugitive air bubbles will reveal you where the cracks are. The dry process is alike but a bit hard identify cracks. Instead of taking the head to the water, you’re bringing the water to the cylinder head. As soon as the head is pressurized, you’ll spray it with a soapy resolution to create bubbles and it will make your testing even easier. If there are cracks or holes, the answer will bubble up and also you’ll recognize where you need to restoration and repairing.
Some useful techniques to know before getting the best engine block crack repairing
If you have a cracked engine block of your vehicle, it seems that your vehicle life is ended. And if you think to swap your engine, it can be extremely costly and often not worth the investment in your current vehicle. Having a cracked engine block is one of those extreme cases where it may be not possible to save your current engine. Many of us have tried to repair cracked engine blocks. But the main difficulty is that you cannot easily weld an engine block if it is made from cast iron, not from steel.
How to Weld an Engine Made of Cast Iron?
If you think to weld your engine block made of cast iron, it can be done using an arc welder and the proper welding rods. But make it in mind that this can cause deformation to your engine blocks, leaving the welded area far more bitter for further cracking.
What is Cold Metal Stitching?
There is another common practice which is used for engine block welding is called as cold metal stitching. This method is quite similar like the way you stitch a cloth by aligning the two pieces side by side. But it does not seem as easy as it is described. There is also a major hurdle doing this method for all types of engines is that there are different temperatures for different engine iron formations. The temperature change may cause swelling and shrinking of the metal which will cause the metal stitching to tear or reopen from the crack. This method is normally useful for very large or expensive motors such as heavy equipments or big diesel engines.
Normally, the engine block crack repair cannot be done by yourself. It is the work of total intention and care, and required skilled work from engine blocks cracks repairers. To get the best results, getting services from experienced engine crack repairing tea is always helpful and give you the best results.
With the all-new A5, Audi has adhered to what it knows and built up a refined and extravagant roadster, if not one that is excessively energizing. That absence of dramatization is additionally reflected in its outline, which can look somewhat saved contrasted with the svelte, intentional Mercedes C-Class Coupe.
In any case, a spectacular cabin packed with innovation, a scope of proficient motors and an abundance of standard unit makes the A5 a capable all-round roadster.
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Audi’s developmental way to deal with configuration implies you’d be pardoned for squinting and missing the adjustments in the change from the past era A5 to this all-new car. As some time recently, the new model is an adversary to any semblance of the BMW 4 Series, Mercedes C-Class Coupe and Lexus RC.
In any case, this Audi A5 is truly is all-new, in light of the fact that the body has been adjusted from the smart new MLB Evo mechanicals that support the A4. That implies the A5 receives an entire host of new and effective motors, with two petrol and three diesel alternatives for purchasers to look over.
Indeed, even the minimum intense 2.0-litre diesel motor in the range creates 187bhp, while the punchiest 3.0-litre V6 diesel produces 283bhp. The leader S5 Coupe, in the meantime, utilizes another 3.0-litre V6 turbo, which creates 349bhp. Over the range the new Audi A5 is around 17 for every penny all the more effective and 22 for every penny more temperate than the past era display.
What likewise assists with the lift in economy is the 60kg of weight the A5 has shed. More liberal utilization of lightweight materials, for example, aluminum has permitted Audi to make the reserve funds.
Inside, the cabin has been totally overhauled over the old model. Lashings of metal, cowhide and shine dark plastic make the A5 feel premium and extravagant in the driver’s seat. Audi’s MMI infotainment framework remains an instinctive as ever however Apple CarPlay is currently accessible interestingly, which mirrors your iPhone’s interface.
Audi’s incredible Virtual Cockpit – which replaces the simple dials behind the directing wheel – is a £250 choice yet it makes the lodge feel extremely progressed and is something no adversary offers.
The A5 is additionally more commonsense with a 465-litre boot and OK headspace regardless of the slanting roofline – there is space for two in the back, however. In any event Audi’s perpetual model range implies that on the off chance that regardless you need the smooth roadster body yet require more traveler space, the A5 Sportback 5-entryway rendition will suit your necessities.
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Diesel Engine Range
Smooth and agreeable yet does not have the energy you get from a BMW 4 Series. In spite of its lively car looks the Audi A5 is exceptionally humanized and refined to drive. It depends on an indistinguishable case from the A4 cantina and accompanies a scope of various suspension choices, which modify the way it drives.
The 187bhp 2.0-litre diesel will be the enormous dealer and comes matched with a six-speed manual gearbox as standard. A seven-speed double grip programmed gearbox is an alternative or standard, contingent upon trim level and this enhances the A5’s mollusk and loose nature. Changes from the manual gearbox are a tiny bit notchy.
Fitted with versatile dampers (a £600 choice), and in Comfort mode, the A5 coasts easily over generally surfaces. Somewhat rutted landing area causes it to squirm around, and flicking however the Drive select modes up to the Dynamic setting makes the ride observably firmer without truly giving you anything back as far as additional dealing with accuracy.
The controlling is to a great extent to fault for this as its light and exact yet doesn’t have a considerable measure of feel. A BMW 4 Series is a much all the more captivating auto to drive rapidly. Having said that the Audi A5 is the genuine article – fitted with the 282bhp 3.0-litre V6 diesel and quattro all-wheel drive is has great mid-run push meaning it feels practically as quick as the leader S5.
Two TFSI petrol and three TDI diesel motors are accessible in the A5 car – control ranges from 187bhp to 282bhp. Over the range the new A5 is 17 for each penny more capable than the past model additionally 22 for every penny more proficient.
The range commences with the 187bhp 2.0-litre diesel, equipped for 0-62mph in 7.7 seconds. Including quattro all-wheel drive lessens that to 7.2 seconds however efficiency suffers.
The other two diesel alternatives are a 215bhp and 282bhp variants of the 3.0-litre V6. The previous can cover 0-62mph in 6.2 seconds, while the last accompanies quattro all-wheel drive as standard.
At the highest point of the range sits the S5 Coupe, fueled by another turbocharged 349bhp 3.0-litre V6, Audi claims it can hit 0-62mph in 4.7 seconds. The main other petrol alternative is a 2.0-litre four-chamber, growing either 187bhp or 248bhp.
Temperate on paper however right around 70mpg is difficult to coordinate in this present reality. A high number of Audi A5 Coupes will be purchased as organization autos, particularly the 187bhp 2.0-litre diesel display. Audi claims that model can return up to 68.9mpg and transmits 107g/km of CO2. That is superior to a comparable BMW 4 Series 420d, while the Mercedes C-Class Coupe gives back an indistinguishable figure.
S5 the costliest in the range
Those figures mean a higher-rate worker running one as an organization auto will pay over £3,300 in expense yearly.
The costliest model to keep running in the range is the S5. Audi claims its 3.0-litre V6 petrol motor will return up to 38.7mpg, however a BMW 440i will return somewhat more on the joined cycle at 41.5mpg.
In the event that the progressing VW diesel emanations embarrassment has urged you to surmise that your next auto ought to be a petrol model, the more sensible 248bhp 2.0-litre turbo returns 47.9mpg and discharges 136g/km of CO2. Be that as it may, the more elevated amounts of fuel utilization do mean it will be all the more exorbitant to keep running as an organization auto than the 2.0-litre diesel.